Here I come with the session #03. In this thread I will discuss about the different fairs and festivals of the small North-eastern state Tripura. As Tripura is largely dominated by the Hindus, the festivals celebrated here are quite common to the festivals celebrated in the rest of India. Hope you guys enjoyed our last threads #KnowFromMi Session #01 and #02.
The state of Tripura is diverse in its riches. This second smallest state of India is a satisfying compromise between the old and the new and also a fusion of styles of the hills and the plains. So the festive celebrations in the state of Tripura are marked with great ebullience and traditional ardor. Festivals in this state make for unrestrained jollification. Tripura participates in almost all the festivals taking place in the country. The festivals celebrated in Tripura embody the robust and composite cultural heritage of our nation. The culture of Tripura has a plethora of festivals to be celebrated throughout the year. Whether it is a tribal festival or a common one, the enthusiasm and vigor with which the festivals of Tripura are celebrated both by the tribal clans and the non-tribal groups are unique.
Some of the most important festivals are given below:
The Mela held near source of the river Gomti in an area, known as Tirtha Mukh and the accompanying festival attract a large number of devotees from all over the state. Both tribal and nontribal people assemble every year on the occasion of the Uttarayan Sankranti for a holy dip in the lake. Surrounded by high hills, Tirthamukh in South Tripura district is a unique place of beauty frequented specially by the Tripuris to make a vow for realizing their own pledges throughout the year. But on the day of “Pous Sankranti” this place becomes a confluence of thousands of people. Since ancient days Tirthamukh has been a holy place of the Hindu Tripuri tribals. On the specific day people flock to the place to shave their head in the name of their ancestors and worship basically Hindu deities and perform individual sacrifices and rituals to propitiating the souls of departed ancestors. It is on this occasion that a two day long fair is also held.
Kharchi Puja:This is one of the most important festivals of Tripura and is basically celebrated by the tribal and non-tribal groups with equal joy and excitement. The term 'khya' signifies earth, so the festival of Kharchi Puja means the worship of the Earth, which sustains life with all her resources. It is observed in the month of July at the region of Agartala. The festive celebrations are spread over a period of seven days and takes place mainly in the temple premises. Thousands of devotees participate in this festival to make it a grand success.
It is one of the most auspicious festivals of Tripura and is celebrated with much exuberance and ebullience in the months of March/April every year at Unakoti Teertha in Kailasahar sub-division of the state. The religious customs are performed by the locals and the festival gains equal status of joy in the hearts of both the tribals and the non-tribals. Many rock-cut images of local deities can be seen on the walls of Unakoti hill and are worshipped by thousands of devotees with much devotion. The rite of taking a holy dip in the Ashtami kunda is marked as a special feature of this festival.
Garia Puja:This festival is celebrated in the season of autumn. It usually falls in the months of September/October and is one of the most auspicious festivals of Tripura. It is celebrated on a grand scale with puja pandals doted in every nook and corner of the state. The grand festive celebrations stretch over a period of four days and commemorate the defeat of the demon Mahisasura at the hands of Goddess Durga, who is also believed to be the incarnation of power. The immersion of the idol takes place on the fourth day of the festivities. This festival also offers a unique opportunity to bring about the spirit of euphoria in the hearts of old and young alike.
Diwali:Diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Tripura and is one of the most important festivals of Tripura. It is celebrated with much excitement and enthusiasm in the month of October/November every year on the dark night day of the Bengali month of Kartika. Goddess Kali is worshipped here during the festival of Diwali. Thousands of oil lamps or 'diyas' are lit in her honor and in return the Goddess promises a renewal of life and justice on earth. A big colorful fair is also organized after the 'festival of lights' come to an end. This special festival of Tripura heralds joy and prosperity in the coming year.
This is another most important festival of Tripura. Ker puja generally starts about fifteen days after Kharchi Puja. The guardian deity of Vastu Devata is Ker. It is a firm belief of the locals that the former rulers used to perform this Puja for the welfare of the common mass. The literal meaning of 'ker' being a specified area, two time-honored beliefs lie behind the ritualistic invocation. Those two beliefs can be summed up as the welfare of the common mass against any calamities and the other one includes the protection of the general from any external aggression. Sacrifices and offerings are marked as the characteristics of this popular festival.
Durga Puja:It is celebrated in the month of October and is one of the most popular festivals in Tripura. The entire villages and towns appearing a festive mood during the four days of the festival. On the fourth day images of goddess “Durga” are taken out in a great procession for immersion in rivers or big lakes. “Vijaya Dashami”, the fourth day of the festival, is significantly observed by exchange of reciprocal greetings.
Buddha Poornima:Though the number of Buddhists living in the state is very small, Lord Buddhaâ€™s birthday is celebrated on a grand scale every year. People of all communities enthusiastically take part in this festival.
Orange & Tourism Festival:There is a great abundance of orange harvest in this state because of the rainy season. To mark the grand harvest a festival is organized by the locals of the state of Tripura at Jampui Hills. Both the tourists as well as the locals celebrate this festival with great amount of pomp and joy. This grand fruit festival is celebrated in the month of November every year.
There are some other festivals which the people of Tripura celebrate. Such are Ganga Puja, Dol Yatra(Holi), Maha Shivratri, Nag Panchami, Raksha Bandhan, Maha Navratri, Bhai Dooj, Kartik Purnima etc.
Thanks for reading this article. Hope you guys enjoyed it. That's all for today. See you again with another interesting session.
Banner Credit: MiAkash
1. [#KnowFromMi] Culture, Environment & Climate of Tripura - Know More About Tripura - Session #02
2. [#KnowFromMi] History Of Tripura - Know More About Tripura - Session #01